* * * *
(1) Anaximander of Miletus, son of Praxiades, a fellowcitizen and associate of Thales, said that the material
cause and first element of things was the Infinite, he being
the first to introduce this name of the material cause. He
says it is neither water nor any other of the so-called
elements, but a substance different from them which is
infinite, from which arise all the heavens and the worlds
within them. (Theophrastus, . . fr. 2)
(2) He says that this is " eternal and ageless," and
that it " encompasses all the worlds." (Hippolytus
(3) And into that from which things take their rise
they pass away once more, " as is proper; for they make
reparation and satisfaction to one another for their
injustice according to the ordering of time," as he says in
these somewhat poetical terms. (Theophrastus . .
(4) And besides this, there was an eternal motion, in
which was brought about the origin of the worlds.
[. i. 6)
(5) He did not ascribe the origin of things to any
alteration in matter, but said that the oppositions in the
substratum, which was a boundless body, were separated out.
(Simplicius . P. 3150, 20)
(6) Further, there cannot be a single, simple body
which is infinite, either, as some hold, one distinct from
the elements, which they then derive from it, or without
this qualification. For there are some who make this (i.e. a
body distinct from the elements) the infinite, and not air
or water,- in order that the other things may not be
destroyed by their infinity. They are in opposition one to
another-air is cold, water moist, and fire hot-and
therefore, if any one of them were infinite, the ...