(January 23, 1934)
OUR ECONOMIC POLICY
(Report to the Second National Congress of Workers' and Peasants' Representatives - Juichin, Kiangsi Province in January 1934.)
Only the Kuomintang warlords who have brought the areas under their own rule
to the brink of bankruptcy have the utter shamelessness to spread the
rumour, day in day out, that the Red areas are in a state of total collapse.
The imperialists and the Kuomintang are bent on wrecking the Red areas, the
work of economic construction now in progress there, and the welfare of the
millions of workers and peasants who have achieved liberation. For this
purpose, they have pursued a ruthless policy of economic blockade, in
addition to organizing forces for military campaigns of "encirclement and
suppression". But, leading the broad masses and the Red Army, we have not
only smashed one enemy "encirclement and suppression" campaign after
another, but have also been doing all the essential work of economic
construction within our power in order to defeat this vicious economic
blockade. In this respect, too, we have scored one success after another.
The principle governing our economic policy is to proceed with all the
essential work of economic construction within our power and concentrate our
economic resources on the war effort, and at the same time to improve the
life of the people as much as possible, consolidate the worker-peasant
alliance in the economic field, ensure proletarian leadership of the
peasantry, and strive to secure leadership by the state sector of the
economy over the private sector, thus creating the prerequisites for our
future advance to socialism.
The focus of our economic construction is to increase agricultural and
industrial production, expand our trade with the outside, and develop the
Agriculture in the Red areas is obviously making ...